Deciphering Radiology One Term at a Time
There are 32 names in this directory beginning with the letter B.
A type of white blood cell (called a lymphocyte) that is an essential component of the immune system. Non Hodgkin B cell lymphoma begins in B cells.
A vascular treatment technique that uses catheter-guided balloons to open narrowed blood vessels.
A naturally occurring metal that is used in barium sulfate, a contrast material. Barium is most commonly used for studying the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Not cancerous. May also be defined as non-malignant. Benign is also used to describe medical conditions that have a mild course.
A type of medicine used to lower blood pressure, treat chest pain and heart failure, and to prevent a heart attack.
A condition present at birth in which there is a blockage in the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder.
Also called biotherapy. A treatment that involves natural or laboratory-made substances designed to boost, direct or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer.
Biometrics requires a user to provide a unique identifier, such as a fingerprint or voice sample, which is compared to a stored record before the user can gain access to the computer.
1. Process of removing tissue from living patients for diagnostic examination. 2. A specimen obtained by biopsy.
Also called biologic therapy. A treatment that involves natural or laboratory-made substances designed to boost, direct or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer.
A condition in which the body's blood clotting mechanism, which turns blood from a free-flowing liquid to a thickened state, is defective.
Also called blood clotting. A process in which blood changes from a free-flowing liquid to a semi-solid gel.
The center of the cylindrical shaped magnet (often referred to as a doughnut) within an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner.
The part of the digestive system distal to the stomach, consisting of the small and large intestines, that digest and eliminate food.
An often fatal condition that results when brain tissue, fluid or blood vessels are pushed outside the skull.
A medical imaging study of the brain's surface using small electrodes to stimulate a nerve so its electrical response can be measured. By determining the role of specific nerves in a patient, this technique helps surgeons avoid damage to sensitive areas while operating on the brain.
BRCA1 and BRCA 2
Human genes that belong to a class of genes known as tumor suppressors. A mutation of these genes has been linked to hereditary breast and ovarian cancers.
A wire coil placed around the breast that sends and receives radio waves within the magnetic field of an MRI unit to create images.
A measure of the proportions of fat, connective tissue and breast tissue within the breast. A dense breast has a greater amount of ducts, glands, fibrous tissue and less fat. When mammography is performed, many cancers can be difficult to see in patients with dense breast.
A dilation (widening) of the bronchi (the "breathing tubes"), often caused by infection. Serious complications may occur, and some patients require surgical removal of the affected part of the lungs.
Inflammation (swelling) of the mucous membrane of the two subdivisions of the trachea (air tube) that conveys air to and from the lungs.
Visual inspection of the inside of the trachea and the bronchial passages of the lungs, using a rigid or flexible tube or catheter called a bronchoscope.
An abnormal sound heard when listening with a stethoscope over an organ or blood vessel such as the carotid artery in the neck.
A blockage of one or more hepatic veins, which carry blood from the liver back toward the heart.